While in ordinary Church meetings it may not be wise to be over-punctilious as to order, it is wise to be very orderly, and to avoid confusion and disorder in the proceedings. The spirit of worship should pervade the business meetings of the Church. They should be opened with singing, reading the Scriptures and prayer. The pastor is, of right, moderator, and on him, more than on any one else, will depend the good order, and the efticiency of the proceedings.
2. No discussion can properly be had until the motion is made, seconded, and stated by the chairman.
3. A motion cannot be withdrawn after it has been discussed, except by the unanimous consent of the body.
4. A motion having been discussed, must be put to vote, unless withdrawn, laid on the table, referred or postponed.
5. A motion lost should not be recorded, except so ordered by the body at the time.
6. A motion lost cannot be renewed at the same meeting, except by unanimous consent.
7. A motion should contain but one distinct proposition. If it contains more, it must be divided at the request of any member, and the propositions acted on separately.
8. Only one question can properly be before the meeting at the same time. No second motion can be allowed to interrupt one already under debate, except a motion to amend to substitute, to commit, to postpone, to lay on the table, for the previous question, or to adjourn.
9. These subsidiary motions just named cannot be interrupted by any other motion; nor can any other motion be applied to them, except that to amend, which may be done by specifying some time, place, or purpose.
10. Nor can these motions interrupt or supersede each other; only that a motion to adjourn is always in order, except while a member has the floor, or a question is being taken, and, in some bodies, even then.
2. An amendment to art amendment snay be made, but is seldom necessary, and should be avoided.
3. No amendment should be made which essentially . changes the meaning or design of the original resolution.
4. But a substitute may be offered, which may change entirely the meaning of the resolution under debate.
5. The amendment must first be discussed and acted on, and then the original resolution as amended.
2. A speaker using improper language, introducing improper subjects, or otherwise out of order, should be called to order by the chairman, or any member, and must either conform to the regulations of the body, or take his seat.
3. A member while speaking can allow others to ask questions, or make explanations; but if he yields the floor to another, he cannot claim it again as his right.
4. If two members rise to speak at the same time, preference is usually given to the one farthest from the chair, or to the one opposing the motion under discussion.
5. The fact that a person has several times arisen and attempted to get the floor, gives him no claim or right to be heard. Nor does a call for the question deprive a member of his right to speak.
2. Voting is usually done by "aye" and "no," or by raising the hand. In a doubtful case by standing and being counted. On certain questions by ballot.
3. If the vote, as announced by the chairman, is doubted, it is called again, usually by standing to be counted.
4. All members should vote, unless for reasons excused; or unless under discipline, in which case they should take no part in the business.
5. The moderator does not usually vote, except the question be taken by ballot; but when the meeting is equally divided, he is expected, but is not obliged, to give the casting vote.
6. When the vote is to be taken by ballot, the chairman appoints tellers, to distribute, collect, and count the ballots.
2. Any matter of business, or subject under debate, may be referred to a committee, with or without instructions. The committee make their report, which is the result of their deliberations. The body then takes action on the report, and on any recommendations it may contain.
3. The report of a committee is received, when it is listened to, having been called for, or permitted by the moderator, with or without a vote of the body. The report is accepted by a vote, which acknowledges their services, and places the report before the body for its action. Afterward, any distinct recommendation contained in the report is acted on, and may be adopted or rejected.
4. Frequently, however, when the recommendations of the committee are of a trifling moment or likely to be generally acceptable, the report, having been received, is accepted and adopted by the same vote.
5. A report may be recommitted to the committee, with or without instructions, or, that committee discharged and the matter referred to a new one for further consideration, so as to present it in a form more likely to meet the general concurrence of the body.
6. A committee may be appointed with power for a specific purpose. This gives them power to dispose conclusively of the matter, without further reference to the body.
7. The first named in the appointment of a committee is, by courtesy, considered the chairman. But the committee has the right to name its own chairman.
8. The member who moves the appointment of a committee is usually, though not necessarily, named its chairman.
9. Committees of arrangement, or for other protracted service, report progress from time to time, and are continued until their final report, or until their appointment expires by limitation.
10. A committee is discharged by a vote when its business is done and its report accepted. But usually, in routine business, a committee is considered discharged by the acceptance of its report.
1. If the motion for the previous question be carried, then the main question must be immediately taken without further debate.
2. If the motion for the previous question be lost, the debate proceeds as though no such motion had been made. .
3. If the motion for the previous question be lost, it cannot be renewed with reference to the same question during the same session.
1. Sometimes, however, a resolution is laid on the table for the present, or until a specified time, to give place to other business.
2. A motion to lay on the table must apply to a resolution, or other papers. An abstract subject cannot be disposed of in this way.
These are the previous question, for indefinite postponement, to commit, to lay on the table, to adjourn.
But when these motions are modified by some condition of time, place, or purpose, they become debatable, and subject to the rules of other motions, hut debatable only in respect to the time, place, or purpose which brings them within the province of debate.
A body is, however, competent, by a vote, to allow debate on all motions.
2. In some deliberative bodies a motion to adjourn is in order while a speaker has the floor, or a vote is being taken, the business to stand, on reassembling, precisely as when adjournment took place.
3. A body may adjourn to a specific time, but if no time
be mentioned, the fixed or usual time of meeting is understood. If there be no fixed or usual time of meeting,
then an adjournment without date is equivalent to a dissolution