Fundamental Baptist Institute

Facts From History About Our

King James Bible.

Written and Published by

by Rev. Ronald D. Lesley, Th. M., D.D.

Psalms 12: 6. The words of the LORD [are] pure words: [as] silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.

7. Thou shalt keep them, O LORD, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever.

Book I - Chapter I

Name: The Bible

Bible is the English form of the Greek word "biblios ", which means "book." The name Bible, which in the fifth century, began to be given to the entire collection of the sixty-six books of the Divine Revelation. The name Holy Bible was adopted by WYCKLIFFE, and set the scene for the use of this name in our English language in the ages to come.

The Book. (Biblion). There is no article in the Greek, but the genitive in the Greek makes it definite. The usual word for book is a diminutive form (biblion), a little book or roll such as we have in "Luke 4:17", "The roll of the prophet Isaiah." The pieces of papyrus (papuros), our paper, were pasted together to make a roll of varying lengths according to oneís needs.

Requesting of a servant standing by his bed Sir Walter Scott said, "Bring me The Book", as he lay dying.

"Sir," replied the servant, "Which one? There are thousands of books in the library."

Sir Walter Scott answered, "There is only one, The Book, bring me the Bible."

The languages of the Bible are Chaldee, Aramaic, Hebrew, and Koine Greek.

 

Languages of the Bible

The languages of the Bible are Chaldee, Aramaic, Hebrew, and Koine Greek.

Hebrew is the primary language of the Old Testament.

The Chaldee language was that of Abraham. The Book of Daniel contains a large section in Chaldee. The first chapter, and the first three verses of the second chapter, are in Hebrew, chapter two verse three through the eighth chapter are in the Chaldee dialect. The remainder of the book of Daniel is in the Hebrew.

Koine Greek became the language of the Mediterranean world, including the Jews, after Alexander the Great conquered the World. Koine Greek means "common" Greek. The Koine Greek was the most common language throughout the Mediterranean world. This form of Greek is among the most descriptive and precise language ever spoken. God used Koine Greek as the original language of the New Testament. It is very difficult to not understand the meaning of Koine Greek Grammar because of the many exact rules of this great language.

Language is structured by the rules of grammar. The alphabet structures words that can be defined by meaning and spoken by a system of phonics and diction. When a language is written and structured it will be consistent and lasting.

Among cultures where their language is not written and structured, it will constantly shift in phonics, and definitions of words will always be changing. This can be witnessed among tribal people where there is very high illiteracy. Words are changing in definition in English in the United States for this same reason.. Also, new words are being created. If a traveler arrives in some cities of the United States, he cannot understand what is being said in that local.

The Bible consists of sixty-six different books, composed by many different writers, in several different languages, and under different circumstances over a broad period of time. These were writers of almost every social rank, statesmen, peasants, kings, herdsmen, fishermen, priests, tax-gatherers, and a tentmaker. They were educated and uneducated Jews. It is believed by some that Luke, companion of the Apostle Paul, was a Gentile physician. However, there is nothing in Scripture that would substantiate this.

Most writers of scripture were unknown to each other, and wrote at various periods during the space of about 2400 years. Yet, the Bible is One Book, dealing with one subject, in its numberless aspects and relationships. The subject of the Bible is the redemption of man, in the mercy, and grace of God, and mans responsibility to a Sovereign, Omnipotent, Omniscient, Omnipresent, and Holy God.

 

Titles and Descriptions.

The Bible is divided into the Old Testament, containing thirty-nine books, and the New Testament, containing twenty-seven books.

"the scriptures"

Matthew 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes?

"scripture"

2 Peter 1:20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.

 

"the holy scriptures"

Romans 1:2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)

"the law"

John 12:34 The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?

"the law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms"

Luke 24:44 And he said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me.

"the law and the prophets"

Matthew 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

"Oracles"

Acts 7:38 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sinai, and [with] our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us:

 

The Bibleís Purpose

There are defining passages in the Bible as to its purpose.

John 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.

John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life.

John 8:32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

John 17:17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.

2 Tim 3:16 All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

Psalms 119 contains many experiential prayers, praises, and professions of obedience. This Psalm, which was probably composed by an unknown author (probably David, or Ezra), is an alphabetical Psalm. It is composed in twenty-two parts, answering to the number of letters of the Hebrew alphabet. Every part is divided into eight verses. Each verse begins with that letter which forms the title of the part. That is, the first part of eight verses with "A" [Aleph,], the second with "B" [Bąyth,] etc. It is an elegant, important, and useful composition, dealing with the subject of the Word of God in itís many titles, their relationship to us and our relationship to them. The chief subjects of which are, the excellence of God's Word, and the happiness in those who observe them by obedience.

Psalm 119: 1 - 8

1 ALEPH. Blessed [are] the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD.

2 Blessed [are] they that keep his testimonies, [and that] seek him with the whole heart.

3 They also do no iniquity: they walk in his ways.

4 Thou hast commanded [us] to keep thy precepts diligently.

5 O that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes!

6 Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments.

7 I will praise thee with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned thy righteous judgments.

8 I will keep thy statutes: O forsake me not utterly.

The general scope and design of Psalm 119 is to magnify the Divine Word of God. There are ten titles by which Divine Revelation is called in this Psalm. Each term expresses the definition, and light of what God expects from us, and what we may have in Him.

1. "Law" Laws are enacted by our Sovereign. The Law is Sovereign Authority, an absolute.

2. "Way", denotes direction, and manner.

3. "Testimonies", denotes witness words in experience.

4. "Commandments", words given by authority.

5. "Precepts", words that are prescribed truths; as a prescription from a physician.

6. "Word", it is the declaration and communication of His mind.

7. "Judgments", denotes final words of Truth or actions.

8. "Righteousness", it is the rule and standard of what is right.

9. "Statutes", are publicly displayed words and laws which are binding.

10. "Truth", denotes and absolute ; it is eternal truth, it shall endure for ever.

Psalms 119 may be considered as the statement of a believerís experience. The pardoning mercy of God in Christ is the only source for a sinnerís happiness. They are most happy who depend on, believe in, and obey Godís Testimonies. If the heart is divided between Him and the world, it is unstable, unbelieving, and evil. But the saved carefully avoid all sin by the direction of the scriptures through the Holy Ghost.

Believers (the Saved, or Born Again) are conscious of much evil that they face in their daily lives as they live for God.. They do not take of that wickedness which draws them out of those paths of repentance that they have begun with God through Christ Jesus.

The devil would make men think they are at liberty to follow the word of God or not: as they please, but Satan is a liar who has beguiled them.

The desire and prayer of a saved, or born again man, agrees with the will and command of God. If a child of God falls through temptation, he is aware and miserable in that sinful place of broken fellowship.

If a man expects by obedience in one thing to purchase pardon for disobedience in others, this is unbelief. Such a philosophy is works, and not faith in Godís Grace, and Word. If he is not a repentant believer in this world, everlasting shame in the lake of fire will be his portion in eternity. The Psalmist coveted to learn the laws of God, Godís Word, to give God His Glory.

I cannot forget the words of one of my professors in college, Dr. E. F. Rabine, "Men, sin will keep you from this Book, and this Book will keep you from sin."

The Holy Ghost and the Bible will keep the child of God in an obedient path of service. The Bible alone will not do the job. The Bible must be in the hands of the Holy Ghost, who is the Teacher and Guide of The Word of God to the believer. (Study John 14 - 16 and Romans 6 - 8)

The Bible in the Ministry of the Holy Ghost is:

A Devouring Flame Jer. 5:14

Jer. 5:14 Wherefore thus saith the LORD God of hosts, Because ye speak this word, behold, I will make my words in thy mouth fire, and this people wood, and it shall devour them.

A Crushing Hammer - Jer 23:29

Jer. 23:29 [Is] not my word like as a fire? saith the LORD; and like a hammer [that] breaketh the rock in pieces?

A Source of Life. John 20:31

John 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.

A Saving Message. Romans 1:16

Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

The Sword of the Spirit. Ephesians 6:17

Ephesians 6:17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:

A Sword. Hebrews 4:12

Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

Milk for Growth. 1 Peter 2:2

1Pet 2:2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:

Meat for Strength. Hebrews 5:12 - 14

Heb. 5:12 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which [be] the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. 13 For every one that useth milk [is] unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. 14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

Water of Refreshing. John 4:13 - 14

John 4:13 Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again: 14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.

Water of Life Revelation 21:6

Rev 21:6 And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

Water for Cleansing. Ephesians 5:26

Eph 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,

Psalm 119:9 BETH. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed [thereto] according to thy word.

John 15:3 Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you.

A Lamp. Psalms 119:105

Psalm 119:105 NUN. Thy word [is] a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

Psalm 119:130 The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.

A Light. Proverbs 6:23

Prov 6:23 For the commandment [is] a lamp; and the law [is] light; and reproofs of instruction [are] the way of life:

2Pet 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts.

Divisions of the Bible

The Old Testament is divided into three parts:

1. The Law, consisting of the Pentateuch, or the five books of Moses.

2. The Prophets, consisting of :

A. The former, namely, Joshua, Judges, the Books of Samuel, and the Books of Kings;

B. The latter, namely, the greater prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel, and the twelve minor prophets.

3. The Hagiography (meaning the holy writings) include the rest of the books. These were ranked in three divisions:,

A. The Psalms, Proverbs, and Job, distinguished by the Hebrew name, a word formed of the initial letters of these books, _emeth_, meaning truth.

B. Canticles (Song of Solomon or Song of Songs), Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther, called the five rolls, as being written for the synagogue use on five separate rolls.

C. Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and 1 and 2 Chronicles complete the Hagiography.

Between the Old and the New Testament no addition was made to the revelation God had already given.

The New Testament divided into three parts:

The period of New Testament revelation, extending over a century, began with the permanent indwelling of believers by The Holy Spirit.

1. The historical books which are the Gospels, and the Acts of the Apostles;

2. The Epistles; divided into Church, Pastoral and General.

3. The book of prophecy, the Revelation. (There is prophecy included within most of the New Testament books.)

The division of the Bible into chapters and verses is altogether of human invention. It is designed to facilitate reference in finding material quickly. The ancient Jews divided the Old Testament into certain sections for use in their worship services. Then at a later period they divided it into verses.

Stephens gave us the system of verses for the Greek New Testament. He accomplished this while making trips from Lyon to Paris, France. Neither Tyndaleís New Testament, or Coverdaleís English translation of the Bible had verses. The chapter and verse divisions were first made in the Geneva Bible of 1560.

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Second Edition  Copyright 1997  All Rights Reserved.

Ronald D. Lesley

832 South Post Road

Shelby, NC 28152