Daniel -- Chapter 11

AIM: To teach that prophetic scripture is perfectly accurate and to give a greater understanding of the Anti-Christ.

POINT OF CONTACT: How many have heard of the Anti-Christ? Do you know when he will live? What he will do? What he will be like? How many have heard of the Battle of Armageddon? Today's lesson tells something about these things.

INTRODUCTION: This chapter tells of the countries and powers that would directly affect the Jews in their land from the time of Daniel until the end of the Tribulation period. This was history written in advance and so accurately that some have said that the book must have been written after the wars between the Egyptians and the Syrians. Remember, Daniel had wanted to know what would happen to his people, so God revealed it to him, through Gabriel as recorded in chapters 11and 12.

I. The Four Kings of Persia- vs. 2 -- 536-465 B.C.

After Darius of Verse 1, there were to be four more kings of Persia and the last would he richer and stronger than the previous ones, The last one was Xerxes, the fourth, (485-465 B.C.). He invaded Greece in 480 and was defeated. NOTE: It doesn't matter how rich or powerful a ruler might be, if God has determined his downfall, it will come to pass.

II. The Grecian Empire and Its Division - Vs.3 & 4

Vs. 3 -- A mighty king was Alexander the Great.

Vs. 4 -- Alexander's Grecian Empire was divided into four parts as we have previously studied.

III. The Kings of the South and the North - Vs. 5--31.

The prophecy now narrows to the two kingdoms of the Greeks that were of importance to Daniel's people. The King of the South was Egypt. The King of the North was Syria.

A.. Wars between the Two Kingdoms - Vs. 5--9

Vs. 5 -- "One of his princes" refer to another one of Alexander's generals who had become head over Babylon, but who had been driven off his throne. He fled to Egypt where he was favorably received by the King of the South and assisted, so that he recovered his province and eventually became stronger than the King of the South.

Vs. 6 -- For several years there was peace between the Kings of the North and South. The King of the South's daughter (Bernice) came to the King of the North, had him divorce his wife, Laodice, and marry her. Eventually, Laodice killed Berenice and her son, so Berenice did not Aretain the power of the arm".

Vs. 7-9 -- "Out of a branch of her (Berenice's) roots"- Her father's son (Ptolemy Euergetes) became King of the South. He defeated the king of the North and took home much riches.

B. Antiochus, The Great - Vs. 10-19 (233--190 B.C.)

Vs. 10 -- "His sons" refers to the sons of the King of the North. They assembled a great army, AAnd one" refers to Antiochus the Great, who took charge of the army and went through Palestine to war with the King of the South.

Vs. 11-- King of the South would win the war and defeat the King of the North.

Vs; 12 -- The King of the South didn't take advantage of his victory but returned to Egypt.

Vs. 13 --The King of the North returned home and strengthened his forces.

Vs. 14 -- Antiochus formed an alliance with the king of Macedon and tried to get support from some of the Jews called the "robbers of the people". All C Jews, Macedonians, and Syrians -- though they may succeed temporarily, will ultimately stumble and fall.

Vs. 15 -- Antiochus would be successful in his battles in Palestine and he was. He defeated the Egyptians as they tried to defend certain cities in Palestine.

Vs. 16 -- But he (Antiochus) that cometh against him (the King of the South) shall do as he will and shall take the "glorious land" -- Palestine.

Vs. 17 -- Antiochus cane with all his forces toward Egypt. Egypt had a king who became heir when he was two years old. Antiochus gave him his daughter to be his wife, intending for her to control her husband after he became king at age nine. But antiochus daughter fell in love with her young husband and turned against her dad. She and her husband sent an appeal for help to the rising power of Rome.

Vs. 18 -- Antiochus decided to attack the isles of the Mediterranean, i.e., Asia Minor and the Grecian Aegean Islands. "But a prince", General Lucius Scipio Asiaticus of Rome, defeated him in 190 B.C. Thus, the reproach Antiochus intended to bring upon others was turned upon himself.

Vs. 19 -- Antiochus returned to Syria and being forced to pay taxes to Rome, he plundered the Temple of Jupiter at Elymais for riches and was killed in the attempt.

C. The Raiser of Taxes - Vs. 20 -- Antiochus' son.

Vs. 20 -- He had to raise taxes to pay Rome's demands that were made upon his father. NOTE: Often children have to pay for mistakes that parents make.

D. Antiochus Epiphanes - Vs. 21-31 -- The King of the North and the younger son of Antiochus, the Great.

Vs. 21-24 -- He began his reign with considerable success.

Vs. 25 - 26 -- The King of the South (Ptolemy Philometer) would have a revolt within his kingdom and be overthrown. Ptolemy Psychon, his brother, took over.

Vs. 27 -- Ptolemy Philometer then fled to Syria. Then he and Antiochus made a league with each other to defeat Psychon. They went to Egypt together and laid siege to Alexandria but without success. Philometer, suspicious of Antiochus, made overtures to Psychon on the basis of a joint sovereignty and joined with Psychon. Then both brothers declared war on Antiochus.

Vs. 28 -- Antiochus started to return to Syria. On the way he assailed Jerusalem, slew 40,000 inhabitants, enslaved as many more, plundered the temple, and carried off much of the treasure.

Vs. 29 -- In 168 B.C., He returned to fight with Egypt and had his own way until he neared Alexandria.

Vs. 30 -- 31 -- In the bay of Alexandria lay the ships of Chittim (the Roman ships) and they demanded he leave. This he did and on his way back through Palestine, he offered a sow on the altar of the Temple in Jerusalem. This was the abomination that maketh desolate. He died in 164 B. C.

IV. The Period from Antiochus to Christ - Vs. 32, 33a

Vs. 32 -- Some of the Jews during this period did wickedly and forsook the covenant and temple worship. They worshiped idols. But some of the people remained true to God and they were led by the Maccabean family.

Vs. 33a, -- "They that understood" refers to those Jews who realized the Messiah was soon coming and so taught it. like Simeon, Anna. Luke chapter two.

V. The Great Parenthesis Period - Vs. 33b-35.

"They that fall" refers to the jews persecution from the time of the Messiah until the end time--the tribulation. At times they would be helped, but only a little.

VI. The Time of the End - Vs. 36-Chapter 12:1.

The Willful King.

These verses speak of the end time -- the tribulation -- and tell us about the Anti-Christ of Revelation 13:1-8.

Vs. 36 -- The Anti-Christ will do pretty much as he pleases during the tribulation.

He shall magnify himself above every God. Revelation 13:6,8.

Vs. 37 -- "God" is Elohim, which is a plural word for God. It could mean Jehovah and some believing this, have said he would therefore be a Jew. This is possible, since he will be the counterfeit Christ. However, this could be "gods" of his fathers and then he would not have to be a Jew. Commentators are at odds on this point. "Nor the desire" of women is hard to interpret. Some believe this means that he will have no regard for human affections .

Vs. 38 -- "God of forces" or strength and might. He will rely on his own power-- personal, governmental, military.

Vs. 39 -- He will divide the land for gain, apportioning it to certain leaders.

Vs. 40 - 41 -- The King of the South (Egypt) and the King of the North (Syria, Lebanon, etc.) who even now are aligned against the Jews in Palestine will come against the Jews. The Anti-Christ will come against them. The conflict is not described but they are defeated. But the territory of the former Edomites, Moabites and Ammonites shall not be taken and the Jews will take refuge during the latter 3 2 years of the tribulation in this area. Matthew. 24:15-22.

Vs. 42 -- Egypt will be defeated.

Vs. 44 -- Tidings out of the, East (China) and out of the North (Russia) shall trouble him

(The leader of the Roman federation C the Anti-Christ). The Roman federation will be the ten nations pictured by the ten toes of the image in Chapter two. The United Nations is the forerunner of this, as is also the NATO pact. The European Common Market organization could well be this Roman Federation.

Vs. 45 - - He will set up his headquarters for war between the Dead Sea and the Mediterranean Sea as the Russian and Chinese hordes approach. Cf. Revelation 16:12. The Euphrates River will be dried up so that the Eastern kings forces can come to the Holy Land for the Battle of Armageddon where God will destroy all the Anti-God forces. Revelation 19:11-20; II Thessalonians 2: 8.

The Anti-Christ will not be revealed and will not receive power before the tribulation and the time when the Rapture occurs. II Thessalonians 2:1-12. "Let" in verse 7 means hinderer and the hinderer today is the Holy Spirit who indwells every Christian. As long as Christians are here, the Anti-Christ cannot be revealed.

He will be a superman with the answers to the world's problems. He will be famously acclaimed and will be popular throughout the world. He will be killed and will come back to life, copying the act of Christ. Revelation 13:3. The world is even now looking for some individual who has the answer to the perplexing world problems. NOTE: Certainly we are in the end time and Jesus will soon come for His saints. I Thessalonians 4:13-18. 'We need to be sure we are ready--that we are saved. We need to be trying earnestly to win our loved ones to Christ.

vs. 12:1 -- "A Time of trouble" means the "Great Tribulation" of the last 3 2 years of the tribulation when the Jews will have no earthly friends. Matthew 24:15-21. But at the end of that period Jesus will come and defeat the Anti-God forces in Palestine and the Jews as a nation will accept Him as Messiah. Zechariah 12:9-10; 13: 1,4-6, 8,9; 14:1-9.

CONCLUSION: We have seen in this chapter that the scriptures are true. Just as God, through Gabriel, revealed prophetically the things that would affect the Jews in the coming years. We have seen that history proves that the events came to pass precisely as God said. So also, shall the events that have not yet taken place. The Bible is reliable and true. Are you ready for the Lord's coming?


Professor Charles R. Smith

B. C.


Darius - (under Cyrus) - vs. 1

Cambyses - 530 - 521 - vs. 2

Pseudo Smerdis - 521 - vs. 2

Darius Hystaspes (the Great) - 521 - 486 - vs. 2

Xerxes (Ahasuerus) - vs. 2

Alexander the Great - vs. 3

(Ptolemy, Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucas) - vs. *


Ptolemy I, Soter 321-285 - vs. 5

Ptolemy II, Philadelphia 285 - 246 - vs. 6

Ptolemy III, Euergetes 246 - 255 - vs. 7-9

Ptolemy IV, Philopater 222 -203 - vs. 11-12

Ptolemy V, Epiphanes 203 - 181 - vs. 14-17

Ptolemy VI, Philometer 181 - 146 - vs. 21-29

Ptolemy VIII, Psychon 170 - Vs. 25 - 29


Seleucas I, Nicator 321 - 281 - vs. 5

Antiochus II, Theos 261 - 246 - vs. 6

Seleucas II, Callinicus 246 - 255 - vs. 7

Seleucas III, Ceranus 225 - 223 - vs. 10-19

Seleucas IV, Philopater 187 - 175 - vs. 20

Antiochus IV, Epiphanes 175 - 164 vs. 21-32

Anti-Christ C Verses 36 - 45

Other important characters: Gabriel and Michael - vs. 1

Bernice - vs. 6-7

(Laodice - vs. 5-7)

(Scopas - vs. 15)

Cleopatra I - vs. 17

Lucius Scipio Asiaticus - vs. 18

(Heliodorus - vs. 20)

(Demetrius Soter - vs. 21)

(Popilius Laenas - vs. 30)

(Apollonius - vs. 31)

Mattathias and Maccabees - vs.32-(35)

* Those bracketed ( ) are not specifically pointed out or mentioned as individuals but their names help to fill in the history.