The Day of Pentecost

Suggested Teaching Objectives:

1. To show the importance of a church and it's members being in harmony, in one accord and walking in dependence on the Lord.

2. To teach the difference between the indwelling and the filling of the Holy Spirit.

3. To teach that the supernatural events of Pentecost were a fulfillment of a specific promise and did not mean that such would recur.

4. To teach that the supernatural events of Pentecost were for a specific purpose and are not needed today.

5. To show the outstanding points of emphasis of Peter's sermon.

6. To thoroughly explain Acts 2:38.

7. To show the results of Peter's message and the source of it's power.

Introduction: Having carried out the orders given them by the Lord Jesus Christ as recorded in Chapter One (review) we find the disciples assembled "with one accord in one place" in the second chapter. This chapter is a very important one. There is much confusion in Church teaching about this chapter. Many believe the Church was formed on this day but it was not. It was formed when Jesus began calling out His disciples. The disciples were the first Church. They were scripturally saved, scripturally baptized and Jesus was their leader (Head). They had an organization, Judas was their Treasurer. Let us study this chapter closely and learn some great truths.

I. The Willing Witness -- Verses 1-4

Verses 1- 3 - Pentecost always came fifty days after the Resurrection. Leviticus 23:15,16. They were all in one accord. If God's Church wants and expects to be fully blessed they must be of one accord. A rushing mighty wind came and filled the house. Wind in the Bible is a type of the Holy Spirit. Ezekiel 37:1-10. So also is fire. Hebrew 12:39. Fire sat upon each of their heads. Jesus had commanded them to witness (1:8) and this special manifestation of cloven tongues was to impress upon them that they were to use their tongues to tell others.

Verse 4 - They were filled with the Holy Spirit. This was also called a baptism (Acts 11:15-17). This was both a baptism and a filling. This baptism was that promise of the Father (Acts 1:4; Matthew 3:11). Don't confuse this filling with the indwelling of the Holy Spirit which had already occurred. John. 7:37; 20:21. This event was a special manifestation from God and He put his stamp of approval on Christianity by these three miracles, the rushing mighty wind, the tongues of fire and the miraculous power to speak in the languages of those present.

After we are saved we can have innumerable fillings of the Holy Spirit and thereby power in our lives for God's Glory. We are filled by being completely yielded to God and His ways. Notice when they were filled they "began to speak".

II. The Inevitable Effect -- Verses 5-13

Verse 5 -Pentecost was a feast day, for which Jews came from many countries to celebrate.

Verses 6-11 - They spoke in known languages (although unknown by the speakers) and the things they spoke were the "wonderful works of God." It was not unintelligible sayings.

Verses 12-13 - The mocking critics. These are always present.

III. Peter's Sermon -- Verses 14-36

Verses 14-15 - Peter, the leader, stood with the rest but he preached, defended the Faith and boldly declared the message of Christ. The third hour was 9:00 A.M.

Verses 16-21 - Peter appealed to the testimony of the prophet Joel. Joel 2:28-32. Note: This prophecy was not fulfilled in it's entirety at Pentecost but was only a foretaste. Its complete fulfillment is yet future.

Verse 22 - Then Peter appealed to historical facts concerning:

1.The Person of Christ. Vs.22 - Who He was (Jesus) and what He was (approved of God).

2.The ministry of Christ, miracle etc. This was common history and couldn't be denied. "Ye...Know."

3. The death of Christ. Vs. 23. It was foreordained, yet they were guilty, "Ye have taken." Though predetermined by God, the free will of man was exercised.

4. The Resurrection of Christ. Vs.24-32. David did not fulfill the prophecy of the Psalm. It went beyond him to Christ.

a. It's prophecy. Vs. 24-31. Cf. Psalm 16.

b. It's historicity. Vs. 32. "We are witnesses." I Corinthians 15:4-9.

5. The Ascension of Christ. Vs.33. His present position:

a. Glory. "Exalted."

b. Power. "Shed forth."

c. Authority. "Right Hand."

6. The Descent of the Spirit. Vs.33.

a. They could hear the wondrous story.

b. They could see the evidence of His works in the apostles.

7. The Greatness of Christ. Vs.34-36.

a. He is exalted to the right hand of God and is greater than David.

b. Now God hath made Him (Jesus) both Lord and Christ, both the Saviour and the King.

Cf. Philippians 2:5-11.

IV. The Results From The Message -- Verses 37-47.

1. Conviction, Vs. 37 - "Pricked" Cf. John 16:8; Hebrew 4:12.

2. Contrition, Vs. 37 - "What do." Cf. Acts 16:30,31.

3. Conversion, Vs. 38-41 - Repentance and Faith are inseparable. Cf. Luke 13:3; John 3:16; Acts 20:21. "For" is the Greek preposition eis. It does not mean "in order to." If Peter had commanded the people to be baptized "in order to" receive the remission of sins, he would have needed to use the Greek preposition hina, which means "in order to."

This preposition eis, used about 1800 times in the N.T. in Greek, is variously translated for, at, toward, unto, into, etc; so it could be translated for, as here only in the sense of "on the basis of", or "on the ground of", so Dr. A. T. Robertson explains. Note how for is used even in English: one is scolded for (on the ground) being late, or arrested for stealing, or praised for beauty, etc.

So baptism is not an essential part of the plan of Salvation but people are baptized "because of" or "on the ground of", the fact"their sins are forgiven."

The Holy Spirit is given now, the moment one is saved. Cf. I John 5:9-13; Revelation 3:20;

John 14:16-18.

They received both the spoken word and the living word. John 1:1,12. Peter gave an invitation as recorded in vs. 40.

4. Confession, Vs. 41 - Baptized." By baptism they confessed their identification with the one who had died, had been buried and was risen again for them. I Peter 3:21; Roman 6:3-5.

5. Communion, Vs. 42 - "Breaking Bread."

6. Continuance, Vs.42,46,47. "Steadfastly." They proved the reality of their discipleship by their continuance. Hebrew 12:1,2.

7.Consecration, Vs. 44,45 - "Possessions." A pocketbook revival. A genuine work of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of God's people will take care of financial problems.

Conclusion: As a result of Peter's message of God's empowering His Word by the Holy Spirit, the stamp of approval of Christianity was unmistakably given. The Church was greatly enlarged and given the impetus needed to go forth and evangelize the world. Souls were saved, the saved souls witnessed and souls began to be saved daily. God would still save souls daily if we as Christians would follow the example of these early christians as stated in verses 42 through 47.